文章摘要
慢性阻塞性肺疾病患者疾病认知水平调查及其影响因素分析
Investigation of disease perception level and analysis of its influencing factors in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
投稿时间:2021-08-24  修订日期:2021-08-24
DOI:
中文关键词: 慢性阻塞性肺疾病  疾病认知水平  影响因素
英文关键词: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease  Disease perception level  Influence factor
基金项目:北京市自然科学基金资助项目(7142015)
作者单位邮编
汤丹卉 首都医科大学附属北京朝阳医院 100043
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中文摘要:
      目的:调查慢性阻塞性肺疾病(COPD)患者疾病认知水平,分析COPD患者疾病认知水平的影响因素。方法:选择2018年10月至2020年11月我院收治的162例COPD患者,采用自行设计的一般资料调查问卷和COPD疾病认知问卷(BCKQ)收集患者信息和评估COPD疾病认知水平。采用单因素及多因素Logistic回归分析COPD患者疾病认知水平的影响因素。结果:共发放162份问卷,有效回收160份,有效回收率98.77%(160/162)。COPD患者BCKQ总分为(31.01±2.16)分,单因素分析结果显示不同年龄、职业、文化教育程度、居住地、家庭月收入、健康信息获得途径、每年急性发作次数、每年医疗支出的COPD患者BCKQ总分差异显著(P<0.05)。进一步多因素Logistic回归分析结果显示职业、文化教育程度、家庭月收入、健康信息获得途径、每年急性发作次数是COPD患者疾病认知水平的影响因素(P<0.05)。结论:COPD患者对疾病认知水平偏低,且受多种因素影响,临床工作者应结合相关因素进行针对性健康宣教,以提供患者对疾病的认知水平。
英文摘要:
      Objective: To investigate the disease perception level of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and to analyze the influencing factors of COPD disease perception level. METHODS: A total of 162 COPD patients who were admitted to our hospital from October 2018 to November 2020 were selected. The self-designed general information questionnaire and Bristol COPD knowledge questionnaire(BCKQ) were used to collect patient information and perception level of COPD disease. Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression was used to analyze the factors affecting COPD patients'' disease perception level. Results: A total of 162 questionnaires were sent out, and 160 were effectively received with effective recovery of 98.77%(160/162). The BCKQ total score of COPD patients was (31.01±2.16) scores. The results of univariate analysis results showed that there were significant differences in the total score of COPD disease cognition questionnaire among COPD patients with different ages, occupations, educational level, residence, monthly household income, access to health information, number of acute attacks per year and medical expenditure per year (P < 0.05). Further multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that occupation, education level, family income, access to health information, and the number of acute attacks per year were the factors affecting the disease cognition level of COPD patients (P < 0.05). Conclusion: The disease perception level of COPD patients is low, and it is affected by many factors. Clinical worker should carry out targeted health education to provide patients with the cognition level of the disease.
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