文章摘要
殷立士,王云霞,李 艳,熊恩平,陈云坤,王 杰.八段锦和五行音乐疗法在缓解新型冠状病毒肺炎患者负性情绪中的疗效分析[J].,2021,(14):2739-2743
八段锦和五行音乐疗法在缓解新型冠状病毒肺炎患者负性情绪中的疗效分析
Clinical Study on Relieving Negative Emotions in Patients with COVID-19 Treated with Music Therapy of Five Elements Combined with Baduanjin
投稿时间:2020-10-28  修订日期:2020-11-23
DOI:10.13241/j.cnki.pmb.2021.14.030
中文关键词: 新型冠状病毒肺炎  八段锦  五行音乐疗法  负性情绪
英文关键词: Corona Virus Disease-2019  Baduanjin  Music Therapy of Five Elements  Negative Emotions
基金项目:重庆市卫生健康委员会新冠肺炎防控应急科研专项(2020NCPZX20);重庆市2019年科卫联合科研项目(2019QNXM029)
作者单位E-mail
殷立士 重庆市中医院肝病科 重庆 400021 yinlishi2020@163.com 
王云霞 孝感市第一人民医院 湖北 孝感 432100  
李 艳 孝感市第一人民医院 湖北 孝感 432100  
熊恩平 重庆市中医院呼吸科 重庆 400021  
陈云坤 重庆市中医院呼吸科 重庆 400021  
王 杰 重庆市中医院呼吸科 重庆 400021  
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中文摘要:
      摘要 目的:观察八段锦和五行音乐疗法对新型冠状病毒肺炎(COVID-19)患者负性情绪的疗效。方法:收集孝感市第一人民医院就诊的COVID-19患者40例,采用随机数字表法将40例患者随机分为对照组(n=20)和观察组(n=20),观察组接受八段锦和子午流注理论指导下的择时五行音乐疗法进行干预,对照组保持日常生活方式。两组在干预前、干预2周采用焦虑自评量表(SAS)和抑郁自评量表(SDS)分别评定两组实验对象在实验前和干预后的负性情绪的改变,用患者生活质量量表(QLQ-C30)分别对两组患者进行生活质量的测评。结果:接受八段锦和子午流注理论指导下的择时五行音乐疗法的患者负性情绪明显减低,SAS、SDS评分明显较前明显改善,观察组患者SAS评分、SDS评分较对照组降低程度明显,差异存在统计学差异(P<0.05);干预后观察组、对照组的角色功能、认知功能、情感功能、躯体功能及生活质量评分均明显改善,接受八段锦和子午流注理论指导下的择时五行音乐疗法的患者在角色功能、认知功能、情感功能、躯体功能及生活质量评分方面均优于对照组,差异存在统计学差异(P<0.05)。结论:COVID-19患者通过八段锦和五行音乐疗法能够明显减低负性情绪,此种疗法可有效起到"精神内守,病安从来"的安慰作用。
英文摘要:
      ABSTRACT Objective: To observe the effect of Music Therapy of Five Elements combined with Baduanjin on negative emotion of patients with covid-19. Methods: 40 patients with covid-19 in the Xiaogan No.1 People's Hospital were collected and randomly divided into control group (n=20) and observation group (n=20) by random number table method. The observation group was intervened by timing five line music therapy guided by Baduanjin and midnight noon ebb flow theory, while the control group maintained daily life style. Before the intervention and 2 weeks after the intervention, self rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and self rating Depression Scale (SDS) were used to evaluate the negative emotion changes of the two groups before and after the intervention, and the quality of life of the two groups of patients was evaluated with the patient quality of life scale (QLQ-C30). Results: The negative emotions of the patients who received Baduanjin and ziwuxing music therapy under the guidance of Baduanjin and Ziwu Liuzhu theory were significantly reduced, SAS and SDS scores of the observation group were significantly improved compared with those of the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05); after the intervention, the role function, cognitive function, emotional function and body of the observation group and the control group were significantly improved The scores of function and quality of life were significantly improved. The scores of role function, cognitive function, emotional function, physical function and quality of life of the patients receiving Baduanjin and Ziwu Liuzhu theory were better than those of the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion: Covid-19 patients through Baduanjin and Wuxing music therapy can significantly reduce negative emotions, this therapy can effectively play a "spirit inside, disease safety" comfort effect.
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