文章摘要
纪一伦,李静,王诗敏,卞伟妮,贾 毅.1-6岁儿童维生素D与年龄、性别、季节及体质量指数的关系研究[J].,2020,(12):2271-2274
1-6岁儿童维生素D与年龄、性别、季节及体质量指数的关系研究
Relationship between Vitamin D and Age, Gender, Season and Body Mass Index in Children Aged 1-6 Years
投稿时间:2019-12-23  修订日期:2020-01-18
DOI:10.13241/j.cnki.pmb.2020.12.014
中文关键词: 维生素D  儿童  年龄  性别  体质量指数  季节
英文关键词: Vitamin D  Children  Age  Gender  Body mass index  Season
基金项目:陕西省科学技术厅社会发展科技攻关项目(2016SF1018)
作者单位E-mail
纪一伦 西安交通大学附属广仁医院/西安市第四医院儿童保健中心 陕西 西安 710004 htjyl5216162008@163.com 
李静 西安交通大学附属广仁医院/西安市第四医院儿童保健中心 陕西 西安 710004  
王诗敏 西安交通大学附属广仁医院/西安市第四医院儿科 陕西 西安 710004  
卞伟妮 西安医学院第二附属医院新生儿科 陕西 西安 710038  
贾 毅 西安医学院第二附属医院新生儿科 陕西 西安 710038  
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中文摘要:
      摘要 目的:探讨1-6岁儿童维生素D与年龄、性别、季节及体质量指数(BMI)的关系,为临床有效指导维生素D的补充提供参考依据。方法:选取2000年1月~2019年1月于我院接受体检的1~6岁儿童816例作为研究对象。采用电化学发光法检测所有研究对象的血清25-羟维生素D[25(OH)D]水平,并分析血清25(OH)D水平与儿童年龄、性别、BMI以及季节的关系。结果:816例儿童维生素D营养不足和缺乏人数占比为14.83%。1~3岁儿童血清25(OH)D水平高于3~6岁儿童(P<0.05)。男童血清25(OH)D水平高于女童(P<0.05)。肥胖儿童血清25(OH)D水平低于正常与超重儿童,且超重儿童血清25(OH)D水平低于正常儿童(均P<0.05)。春、夏季儿童血清25(OH)D水平均高于秋、冬季儿童(均P<0.05)。结论:1~6岁儿童的维生素D营养状况不容乐观,随着年龄的增长儿童血清25(OH)D水平显著降低,且男童高于女童,春、夏季高于秋、冬季。临床工作可通过增加其户外活动,继而达到改善维生素D营养状况的目的。
英文摘要:
      ABSTRACT Objective: To study and analyze the relationship between vitamin D and age, gender, season and body mass index (BMI) in children aged 1-6 years, in order to provide reference for clinical guidance of vitamin D supplement. Methods: 816 cases of children aged 1~6 years who received physical examination in our hospital from January 2000 to January 2019 were included as study objects. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D[25 (OH) D] level of all subjects were detected by electrochemical luminescence, and the relationship between serum 25 (OH) D level and children's age, gender, BMI and season were analyzed. Results: Vitamin D insufficient and deficiency accounted for 14.83% of the 816 children. The serum 25(OH)D level of children aged 1-3 years was higher than that of children aged 3-6 years (P<0.05). Serum 25 (OH) D level in boys was higher than that in girls (P<0.05). The serum 25 (OH) D level of obese children was lower than that of normal and overweight children, and the serum 25 (OH) D level of overweight children was lower than that of normal children (all P<0.05). Serum 25 (OH) D level of children in spring and summer were higher than those in autumn and winter (all P<0.05). Conclusion: The nutritional status of vitamin D in children aged 1-6 years is not optimistic. Serum 25 (OH) D level of children decreases significantly with the increase of age, and the level of boys is higher than girls, and spring and summer are higher than autumn and winter. Clinical work can improve the nutritional status of vitamin D by increasing its outdoor activities.
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