文章摘要
张思瑶,褚晓丹,孙玉红,宋安琪,孙志丹,何胜宝,张兴旺,陈 萱.我国少数民族孕产妇孕期保健及其健康现状综述[J].,2019,19(3):576-579
我国少数民族孕产妇孕期保健及其健康现状综述
A Summary of Prenatal Maternal Health Care and Health Status of Minorities in China
投稿时间:2018-03-12  修订日期:2018-03-12
DOI:10.13241/j.cnki.pmb.2019.03.042
中文关键词: 少数民族孕产妇  孕期保健  医疗水平  健康状况
英文关键词: Ethnic minorities Maternal  Pregnancy health care  Medical level  Health status
基金项目:黑龙江省教育厅海外学人基金项目(1153h14)
作者单位E-mail
张思瑶 哈尔滨医科大学附属第二临床医学院 黑龙江 哈尔滨 150086 fiveeryi@126.com 
褚晓丹 哈尔滨医科大学附属第二临床医学院 黑龙江 哈尔滨 150086  
孙玉红 哈尔滨医科大学附属第二临床医学院 黑龙江 哈尔滨 150086  
宋安琪 哈尔滨医科大学附属第二临床医学院 黑龙江 哈尔滨 150086  
孙志丹 哈尔滨医科大学附属第二临床医学院 黑龙江 哈尔滨 150086  
何胜宝 鄂伦春自治旗旗委 内蒙古自治区 鄂伦春自治旗 165450  
张兴旺 鄂伦春自治旗旗委 内蒙古自治区 鄂伦春自治旗 165450  
陈 萱 哈尔滨医科大学附属第二临床医学院 黑龙江 哈尔滨 150086  
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中文摘要:
      摘要:孕产妇孕期保健及孕产妇健康对促进安全分娩和优生优育起着十分重要的作用,随着我国孕产妇保健工作的进一步完善及国家二胎政策的实施,现代临床医学所倡导的优生优育的观念已逐渐被社会广泛认可。然而,我国少数民族地区多有经济落后、地理位置偏僻、思想观念陈旧等问题,导致我国少数民族孕产妇孕期保健水平还比较低下,孕产妇健康状况有待改善。为预防少数民族地区出生缺陷,降低出生缺陷率,提高优生率,提高少数民族地区出生人口素质,通过完善医疗制度,改善医疗环境,合理营养干预及加强家庭访视等相关健康教育促进孕期保健,提高孕前检查的依从性,实现优生,孕产期健康教育可以降低整个孕期出现的危险因素,本文对我国少数民族的孕产妇孕期保健及健康做一综述。
英文摘要:
      ABSTRACT: Maternal health care during pregnancy and the health play an important role in promoting safe delivery and postnatal care. With the further improvement of maternal health care in China and the implementation of the national second-child policy.The concept of eugenics advocated by modern clinical medicine has gradually been widely recognized by the society. However, in our country's ethnic minority areas, there are many problems such as economic backwardness, remote location, old ideas and so on, leading to the low level of maternal health care for pregnant women in China during pregnancy. Maternal health status needs improvement.Preventing birth defects in minority areas. Reducing the rate of birth defects, increasing the rate of eugenics, and improving the quality of birth population in ethnic minority areas. We should improve the health care system and the medical environment and the rational nutrition intervention. We should also strengthen the family visits. Then we can improve pre-pregnancy check compliance to achieve eugenics, and the health education during pregnancy and childbirth. They can reduce the risk factors occurring throughout the pregnancy. This article reviews the maternal health and health of pregnant women in China.
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